On January 1, 2017, New Jersey shifted from a monetary bail system to a risk-based system. To aid with Criminal Justice Reform the Trial Unit was divided into the Speedy Trial Unit and Bail (Release on Conditions) Unit.
Speedy Trial Unit:
The Speedy Trial Unit is comprised of STU Screening/Detention and STU Trial. The Speedy Trial Unit handles detained defendants from the time of arrest through disposition. Each day a STU Screening/Detention AP reviews all CJP Phase 1 warrant complaints from Defendants that are arrested the previous day. The STU Screening/Detention AP then determines if the Defendant is presumptive or mandatory detention eligible pursuant to Attorney General Directive 2016-6 version 3.0. If the Defendant is detention eligible the STU Screening/Detention AP files for detention and handles the detention motion. If the Defendant is detained the case is then transferred to an AP in STU Trial, who presents the case to the Grand Jury and retains till disposition. If the detention motion is denied, the matter is referred to the PIC/GJ Unit. IF the Defendant is not detention eligible the STU Screening/Detention AP will then ask the defendant to be released on appropriate conditions at CJP. The STU Screening/Detention AP also files all applicable motions to revoke release if the defendant violates a release condition.
Bail (Release on Conditions) Unit:
The Bail (Release on Conditions) APs are assigned daily to the Criminal Judge in Passaic County and handle the majority of cases for Defendants that are released on conditions and not subject to speedy trial rules. The Bail (Release on Conditions) Unit first receives the file after the matter has been presented to the Grand Jury but before arraignment. The AP then reviews the file for an appropriate offer and appears on all status conferences and continues to handle the case through disposition.